Home | Elementary ESL English Discussion Topics
Here's one of the three reusable chapters in this book. There is an extensive resource section (show below) to help in reusing this lesson model many times.
Lesson 1 of 3
This lesson is a brainstorming session as students think of words to describe a topic, including adjectives. Students need to understand keywords connected with a theme.
1 To broaden one's vocabulary and brainstorm on a specific topic.
2 To continue and talk about new issues on the spur of the moment.
Choose a topic from Resources at the end of this lesson, for example, "Celebrations: birthday, party, wedding, graduation, Christmas and New Year."
Take an A4 sheet of paper, turn it horizontally, and draw six oval shapes (two rows of three ovals).
In each oval, write one word. Use any order to suit your needs.
If students do not know adjectives, devise a brief activity to explain.
1 Warm-up and Objective
Introduce the main topic of the lesson chosen in the preparation work.
Talk about adjectives if students are unfamiliar with this term.
Talk about the final goal of the lesson.
Students will learn to discuss a topic using a range of new vocabulary.
2 Exploration and Comprehension
First, write the topic at the top of the board and ask students what it means.
On the far-right side of the board, write any words students suggest that could be useful.
Next, copy the template with the six keywords onto the board for everyone to see.
Go through the words one by one for comprehension checking.
Reintroduce any similar words that students gave earlier.
Remember, this is only the introduction to the words, and more will follow.
3 Guided Student Practical
Depending on the class size, divide the class into pairs or teams, depending on the class size - the aim is to create discussion between students.
Hand out the paper made from the preparation work.
Students write next to one of the six words, any related words.
Ask questions about the words for clarity and comprehension.
Introduce adjectives to help in clarifying.
Ask them to use the words in spoken sentences - This shows if they understand and improve their vocabulary.
4 Student Presentation and Evaluation
This lesson is a continuous evaluation of students' understanding of the words given.
Expansion of the topic into new areas is okay if students keep talking.
5 Review and Assess
To wrap up, discuss the words covered and the main issue.
Ask again for adjectives. Mix up the words to assess the clarity. Making negative questions will determine the students' comprehension.
6 Bonus Activity - The Word Competition
Create a word league with other classes as a bonus.
Each group must brainstorm words about the topic.
Let each team know it will turn their words into points.
Record how many words each team or class produces and award prizes for the highest number.
Proofing the words is essential, as some may use words that do not fit.
For the competition, introduce a new topic not covered in class yet.
Below are words connected to a topic the students will discuss and brainstorm. The lists vary in terms of elementary-level issues. Initially, there was a list of adjectives and how we should use them.
Partridge, Crow, Chick, Duck, Duckling, Seagull
Sparrow, Swallow, Gosling, Quail, Puffin, Albatross
Hawk, Heron, Goose, Pelican, Pheasant, Eagle
Peacock, Ostrich, Swan, Turkey, Vulture, Magpie
Animals (Pets, Fish and Sea Creatures)
Bird, Cat, Chicken, Dog, Goldfish, Hamster
Horse, Gerbil, Pigeon, Rabbit, Snake, Turtle
Cod, Crab, Octopus, Lobster, Oyster, Salmon
Sardine, Shark, Shrimp, Trout, Tuna, Squid
Animals (Farm and Insects)
Calf, Cat, Chicken, Cow, Duck, Goat
Hen, Horse, Lamb, Pig, Rooster, Sheep
Ant, Bee, Beetle, Butterfly, Cockroach, Cricket
Dragonfly, Ladybug, Mosquito, Moth, Bug, Spider
Badger, Beaver, Anteater, Hyena, Lion, Monkey
Ostrich, Jaguar, Leopard, Snake, Tiger, Wolf
Alligator, Zebra, Bear, Kangaroo, Camel, Cheetah
Crocodile, Elephant, Giraffe, Gorilla, Panda, Rhinoceros
Body (Face and Upper Body)
Tongue, Tooth, Nose, Eye, Face, Lip
Mouth, Brain, Cheek, Chin, Ear, Hair
Throat, Neck, Head, Heart, Shoulder, Lungs
Wrist, Finger, Hand, Arm, Nail, Elbow
Body (Lower Body and Body Injuries)
Chest, Toe, Feet, Ankle, Foot, Hip
Knee, Leg, Muscle, Skin, Stomach, Back
Black Eye, Blister, Broken Bones, Bruise, Burn, Cut
Fracture, Lump, Scratch, Sprain, Sunburn, Swelling
Cap, Coat, Dress, Blouse, Gloves, Hat
Jacket, Scarf, Shirt, Sweater, Tie, Vest
Shoes, Shorts, Skirt, Slippers, Socks, Belt
Boots, Jeans, Pyjamas/Pajamas, Trousers/Pants, Suit, Handkerchief
Argentina, Australia, Austria, Belgium, Brazil, Canada
China, Denmark, Finland, France, Germany, Greece
India, Israel, Japan, Mexico, Philippines, Russia
Singapore, South Korea, Spain, Sweden, United Kingdom, United States
Bathroom, Bedroom, Ceiling, Dining Room, Door, Floor
Ground, Hall, Kitchen, Living Room, Wall, Bathtub
Bed, Chair, Furniture, Lamp, Picture, Shelf
Sink, Sofa, Table, Toilet, Window, Garden
Bath, Shower, Sink, Cleaning, Tap/Faucet, Hand Towel
Laundry Basket, Mirror, Waste Basket, Toilet, Scale, Disinfectant
Brush, Scissors, Shampoo, Bubble Bath, Comb, Soap
Sponge, Toothbrush, Toothpaste, Towel, Razor, Flannel
Cherry, Blackberry, Blueberry, Plum, Grapes, Tangerine
Nectarine, Persimmon, Clementine, Pomegranate, Pear, Apple
Melon, Orange, Peach, Apricot, Raspberry, Strawberry
Banana, Kiwi, Lemon, Lime, Pineapple, Watermelon
Foods (Desserts and Drinks)
Apple Pie, Birthday Cake, Cake, Candy, Chocolate, Cookies
Doughnuts/Donuts, Ice Cream, Muffin, Pie, Cheesecake, Pudding
Cocoa, Coffee, Green Tea, Ice Coffee, Iced Tea, Juice
Lemonade, Milk, Milkshake, Orange Juice, Soda, Tomato Juice
Bacon, Beef, Chicken, Ham, Heart, Kidney
Lamb, Mutton, Pork, Steak, Turkey, Veal
Bread, Cheese, Egg, Fish, Noodles, Pancakes
Pasta, Peanuts, Rice, Cream, Milk, Yoghurt/Yogurt
Beans, Carrot, Corn, Cucumber, Courgette/Zucchini, Bell Pepper
Onion, Peas, Tomatoes, Olives, Mushrooms, Beetroot
Lettuce, Broccoli, Sprouts, Cabbage, Cauliflower, Celery
Potato, Pumpkin, Radish, Spinach, Sweet Potato, Turnip
Dentist, Actor, Athlete, Doctor, Farmer, Fire Fighters
Fisherman, Musician, Nurse, Pilot, Soldier, Teacher
Engineer, Banker, Barber, Chef, Coach, Lawyer
Mechanic, Police Officer, Priest, Professor, Vet, Waiter
Cave, Desert, Mountain, Earth, Forest, Hill
Seed, Nest, Swamp, Valley, Tree, Waterfall
Bay, Beach, Pond, Creek, Island, Lake
River, Riverbed, Sea, Stream, Ocean, Sand
Aunt, Brother, Cousin, Daughter, Father, Mother
Nephew, Niece, Parents, Sister, Son, Uncle
Brother-in-Law, Father-in-Law, Grandson, Grandfather, Great Grandfather, Grandparents
Sister-in-Law, Mother-in-Law, Granddaughter, Grandmother, Great Grandmother, Grandchildren
Husband, Wife, Boy, Girl, Woman, Man
Baby, Toddler, Children, Teenager, Adult, Kid
Classmate, Clerk, Customer, Enemy, Family, Friend
Roommate, Best Friend, Stranger, Relative, Neighbour/Neighbor, Ancestor
Geography, Art, History, Maths/Math, Music, Cooking
Craft, Drama, Drawing, English, Games, Social
Biology, Chemistry, Health, Chinese, Korean, Performing Arts
Computer Science, Physics, Science, Sewing, Social Studies
Blackboard, NoteBooks, Desk, Chair, Calendar, Clock
Computer, Plants, Drawings, Dictionary, Students, Teacher
Chalk, Paper, Pens, Pencils, Pencil Case, Sharpener
Textbook, Colour/Color Pens, Eraser, Reading Books, Bag, Homework
School (Books and Shapes)
Book, Booklet, Brochure, Comic, Dictionary, Encyclopaedia/Encyclopedia
Hardcover, Magazine, Novel, Paperback, Leaflet, Picture
Circle, Cone, Cylinder, Hexagon, Oval, Pentagon
Pyramid, Rectangle, Sphere, Square, Star, Triangle
Transportation and Vehicles
Bicycle, Canoe, Kayak, Motorboat, Motorcycle, Horse
Scooter, Police Car, Car, Glider, Taxi, Yacht
Bus, Plane, Ambulance, Jet, Subway, Fighter Jet
Fire Engine, Train, Truck, Helicopter, Submarine, Hovercraft
Town or City Buildings
Airport, Bakery, Bank, Barber Shop, Book Store, Church
Coffee Shop, Department Store, Petrol/Gas Station, Hospital, School, Shopping Mall
Library, Theatre/Theater, Museum, Post Office, Restaurant, Supermarket
Train Station, Fire Station, Police Station, Hotel, Fast Food Restaurant, Medical Clinic
Weather and Seasons
Sun, Rain, Snow, Cloud, Part Sun and Cloud, Wind
Thunder, Lightning, Fog and Mist, Hail, Shower, Rainbow
Humid, Dry, Frost, Ice, Typhoon, Tornado
Spring, Summer, Autumn/Fall, Winter, Temperature, Thermometer